Emergency Roundups: Necessary or Just Appeasing Ranchers?

(September 1, 2020) We are currently in the midst of the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) summer roundup season. The agency is increasingly using “emergency” as an excuse to permanently remove wild horses and burros from the range, enabling them to skirt in-depth analysis and proceed without providing the opportunity for the public comment. At the end of July, the BLM had announced five emergency roundups that the agency planned to conduct in the following areas: Saylor Creek (ID), Triple B/Maverick-Medicine (NV), Antelope Valley (NV), Nevada Wild Horse Range (NV), and Montezuma (NV). By the end of August, the BLM announced one more emergency operation in Jakes Wash (NV). In total, by the end of these actions, the agency will remove roughly 726 wild horses and 25 burros.

The BLM has now concluded operations in the Antelope Valley, Nevada Wild Horse Range areas, Triple B/Maverick-Medicine, and Montezuma areas. On July 28, 2020, the BLM announced that the Antelope Valley action concluded with 54 wild horses permanently removed. On August 8, 2020, the BLM announced that the Nevada Wild Horse Range action concluded with 126 wild horses permanently removed. On or about August 17, 2020, the BLM concluded the Montezuma operation with 48 wild horses permanently removed. Finally, on August 20, 2020, the BLM announced that the Triple B/Maverick-Medicine concluded with 390 wild horses permanently removed.

Livestock Use

The BLM commonly notes that the wild horses must be reduced to unscientifically low population levels in order to manage for a thriving natural ecological balance. For example, in the agency’s press release for the Antelope Valley emergency roundup, the BLM noted that the action would “help make progress toward restoring a thriving natural ecological balance and multiple-use relationship on public lands.” If the BLM was really interested in restoring and maintaining this balance, it would enforce grazing restrictions and analyze and implement ways to reduce harmful livestock grazing on public lands. But instead, the wild horses remain the scapegoats.

Here is a break down of livestock numbers allowed to graze in some of these areas:

  • Saylor Creek: As of 2019, the BLM permitted 1,345 cow/calf pairs to graze and authorized an additional 846 temporary cow/calf pairs to graze as well.

  • Antelope Valley and Triple B/Maverick-Medicine: Both of these operations are taking place in an area that the BLM manages together in two Complexes, or larger groups of Herd Management Areas managed together. As of the 2017 Environmental Assessment (EA), the BLM permitted 10,358 cow/calf pairs and sheep to graze in the Antelope Complex and 7,283 cow/calf pairs and sheep to graze in the Triple B Complex. The BLM does not clarify in the EA which allotments fall within the specific two areas where they conducted these emergency operations, but the livestock grazing numbers in the Complexes are startling.

  • Montezuma: As of 2010, the BLM allowed 230 cow/calf pairs to graze.

Additionally, BLM Nevada is planning to increase the amount of livestock grazing across much of the state with its targeted grazing program. The BLM’s proposed program will greatly impact the management of federally protected wild horses and burros on public lands. In the project area, wild horses and burros share roughly 17,684,542 acres with subsidized livestock grazing. By allowing increased livestock grazing under the guise of fire abatement, a theory unsupported by science, the BLM is blatantly favoring livestock use over other grazers in the project area. Such overgrazing will undoubtedly lead to the need for more “emergency” roundups due to lack of forage; a dim prediction that AWHC is monitoring closely.


Taxpayers pay for these, and all, roundup operations. For example, for the operation in the Nevada Wild Horse Range, the Department of Interior awarded Cattoor Livestock Roundup Inc. $74,250 (roughly $589/horse). For the Antelope Valley operation, the Department of the Interior awarded the Cattoors $24,750 (roughly $458/horse). Adding insult to injury, the prices only go up for regularly scheduled roundup operations where the price per horse averages to approximately $1,000.

On top of that, the taxpayer foots the bill for federally-subsidized livestock grazing on public lands as well. In 2019, the federal grazing fee was reduced yet again to a historic low of $1.35 per animal per month. That’s a steep discount, thanks to the taxpayer subsidies that prop up this federal entitlement program. (Estimates indicate that the overall cost to taxpayers for the federal grazing program could be as much as $500 million annually.)


While AWHC understands and agrees that some areas of the range have seasons where there is truly a water, forage, or fire emergency, the BLM’s systematic removal of wild horses through the practice of emergency roundups is not helpful to long-term, humane and sustainable management. Instead, BLM, the horses, and the taxpayers would be better served by the agency implementing humane, reversible fertility control to the horses that come into the trap. Such management would stabilize the populations and save taxpayers money over the long-term. Frankly, even a plan to haul water and hay to the “imperiled” wild horses would be less costly than running emergency action after emergency action.

Additionally, if the range is really in such poor condition that the BLM feels the need to go and remove wild horses through an emergency action, then the agency must also remove and further limit discretionary livestock grazing use of the same habitat.